When most people hear the term “Title IX,” they think of the law that requires universities to offer comparable athletic opportunities for both male and female students.
However, since 2011, Title IX has been in the news for a far different reason. It all started with the Obama administration’s “Dear Colleague” letter, which told universities that receive federal funding to crack down on matters of sexual misconduct on campuses, under the auspices of upholding language in the law that prohibits discrimination in any educational program on the basis of sex. The letter mandated that the lowest possible standard of proof should be used by the university in deciding whether a sexual offense has been committed, and to accelerate the final decision to within 60 days of receiving a report.
Faced with either complying with the directives or losing federal funding, universities began “throwing the book” at those accused of sexual misconduct on campus. And those accused are overwhelmingly male.
On September 22, 2017, the “Dear Colleague” letter was revoked by the U.S. Department of Education, and replaced with new guidance that includes allowing universities to apply a heightened standard of review, “clear and convincing evidence.”
Despite the recent changes, many legal scholars still feel that most universities’ student affairs staff are poorly equipped to handle such matters, and that those accused are being deprived of their Due Process rights.
Often, the university employee who is conducting the relatively limited investigation is the same person who decides innocence or guilt, and the same person who imposes sanctions, up to expulsion. Other universities may employ a hearing panel to decide matters that may involve suspension or expulsion. And in most cases, the employees are not trained in the law, yet are armed with the authority to take away a student’s right to an education. Although the Department of Education has withdrawn the 2011 Dear Colleague Letter, universities may still operate using the lower standard of proof required by the 2011 Dear Colleague Letter.
The attorneys at Petefish Law have experience defending students unfairly accused of misconduct in colleges and universities. Before you agree to speak to the university “investigator,” contact our office to schedule a consultation, so we can protect your rights and keep you on track to get the degree you are working for.